The potential for autonomous trucks to disrupt freight transportation—or at least the recognition, by carriers and shippers, of that possibility—has surged in the past year, according to an updated survey by Princeton Consultants. But the industry still might not fully appreciate the pace of the changes that are coming, reports Fleet Owner.
“Our firm believes self-driving trucks are going to get here faster and have more impact than the survey results [showed],” Princeton Consultants CEO Steve Sashihara said. “It’s no longer crazy white cars driving around cities; it’s starting to really happen. … There’s some amazing, smart engineers working on this. On the highways, the technology is already here.”
In last year’s survey, Princeton found that only 28% of respondents believed self-driving trucks would have a moderate or large impact, compared to 40% in the latest survey. The number who said there would be “no real impact” fell from 24% to 19% this year.
As for adoption by the trucking industry, there’s a “solid” business case to be made, he said, speaking in a Stifel Capital Markets conference.
As Fleet Owner reports:
Princeton projects implementation of self-driving truck technology in three phases:
- Truck autopilot, assisting a traditional driver who’s still in the seat—variations of which are currently being tested on U.S. highways;
- Linehaul driverless, for on-highway freight moves (perhaps in pelotons) and with first/last mile conventional drayage—“think of this as the new intermodal,” Sashihara said.
- Door-to-door driverless, but not before the public believes the technology is safer than human drivers.
And while that full, Level 5 autonomy is still some time in the future, the public is rapidly being won over by the rollout of self-driving passenger vehicles, Sashihara added.
“When most people are trying to imagine this, [full autonomy] is where they’re getting hung up. They’re saying ‘have you ever seen a truck back into a dock, or how many docks there are in a crowded city—can a robot really do that?’” he said. “The nice thing about step 2 is you don’t have to worry about that—it’s the long-haul up and down the highways in pelotons; and the peloton itself may save 15% in fuel.”
Sashihara also discussed the disruptive potential of “radical disintermediation” of the freight transportation market. With 57% of the survey respondents anticipating a moderate to large impact, the sentiment was basically unchanged from a year ago.
“I don’t think we can sit back and just wait for things to happen … Whether we are a buyer of freight, a seller, or an intermediary, we have to improve our user friendliness and automation,” he said
“There’s a lot moving parts and non-obvious stuff, so it’s hard to think that a couple of people will graduate from Berkeley and disrupt the trucking industry,” he said. “There’s a lot of inefficiencies in our marketplace, but I think it will be someone who is more of an insider who will say, ‘how can we think bigger than most and come up with some disruptive ways of really moving the needle?’”